JAPAN PICS
Otsu City, Shiga
Ž ‰êŒ§‘å’ÃŽs
Table of Contents

  Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple (”ä‰bŽR ‰„—)
  Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine (“ú‹g‘åŽÐ)
  Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple (ÎŒõŽR ÎŽRŽ›)
  Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple (’©“úŽR‹`’‡Ž›)
  Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple or Mii-dera Temple (’·“™ŽR ‰€éŽ›/ŽOˆäŽ›)
  Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra (V—…ŽO˜Y‹`Œõ; Œ¹‹`Œõ)
  Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple (“‚“yŽR –@–¾‰@)
JAPAN PICS GENERAL INDEX
Hokkaido District
  
Do-o (Hokkaido Central)
  
   Naganuma Town (The Tsuchinotomi Society Tour)
2006
   Otaru City (The Tsuchinotomi Society Tour)
2006
   Sapporo City (The Tsuchinotomi Society Tour)
2006
   Sapporo City ("Nihon-no-Matsuri" 2006)
2006
Iwate of the Tohoku District
  
   Esashi, Oshu City
2004-2011
   Hachimantai City
2006
   Hanamaki City
2005-2007
   Hiraizumi Town
2003-2007
   Ichinoseki City
2004-2010
   Iwaizumi Town
2005
   Kitakami City
2005
   Miyako City
2009-2011
   Mizusawa, Oshu City
2004-2012
   Morioka City
2004-2012
   Ninohe City
2007
   Rikuzentakata City
2008-2011
   Shizukuishi Town
2007
   Tono City
2003
Other Tohoku Regions
  
Aomori
  
   Hachinohe City (The Tsuchinotomi Society Tour)
2006
Miyagi
  
   Matsushima Town
2006
   Tome City
2005
Yamagata
  
   Yamadera, Yamagata City
2005
Kanto District
  
Ibaraki
  
   Joso City
2007
   Kashima City
2006
   Mito City
2008
   Shimotsuma City
2007
Kanagawa
  
   Kamakura City
2005-2007
Tochigi
  
   Nikko City
2002-2007
   Utsunomiya City
2007
Tokyo
  
   Tokyo Central
2002-2012
Yamanashi
  
   Kofu City
2007
Chubu District
  
Aichi
  
   Nagoya City
2008
   Toyokawa City
2009
Fukui
  
   Eiheiji Town
2009
   Fukui City
2009-2011
   Obama City
2009
   Tsuruga City
2009-2011
Gifu
  
   Gujo-Hachiman
2009
   Sekigahara Town
2008
Ishikawa
  
   Kanazawa City
2008
Nagano
  
   Nagano City
2007
   Matsumoto City
2007
Shizuoka
  
   Fuji City
2009-2010
Kansai (Kinki) District
  
Hyogo
  
   Ako City
2008
   Himeji City
2008
   Kobe City
2008-2012
   Nishinomiya City
2012
   Tamba City
2010
Kyoto
  
   Kyoto City Central
2005-2012
   Kyoto City East
2005-2012
   Kyoto City North
2005-2011
   Kyoto City South
2006-2012
   Kyoto City West
2005-2012
   Ayabe City
2010
   Maizuru City
2010
   Miyazu City
2012
   Uji City
2006
   Yahata City
2006
Mie
  
   Iga City
2011
   Ise City
2009
Nara
  
   Asuka Area
2006
   Ikaruga Town
2005
   Nara City Central
2006-2010
   Nishinokyo, Nara City
2005-2010
   Sakurai City
2011
   Tenri City
2011-2012
   Yoshino Town
2010
Osaka
  
   Hirakata City
2005-2012
   Osaka City Central
2007-2011
   Sakai City
2010
Shiga
  
   Azuchi-cho, Omihachiman City
2008-2010
   Hikone City
2008
   Koka City
2011
   Nagahama City
2008-2011
   Otsu City
2006-2009
Wakayama
  
   Koya Town
2009
   Wakayama City
2011
Chugoku District
  
Hiroshima
  
   Hiroshima City
2002-2012
   Miyajima, Hatsukaichi City
2002-2012
   Onomichi City
2002
Okayama
  
   Kurashiki City
2008
   Okayama City
2008
Shimane
  
   Izumo City
2011
   Oda City
2012
   Tsuwano Town
2012
Yamaguchi
  
   Hagi City
2012
   Iwakuni City
2012
   Shimonoseki City
2010-2012
   Yamaguchi City
2010-2012
Shikoku District
  
Ehime
  
   Matsuyama City
2011
Kagawa
  
   Kotohira Town
2011
   Takamatsu City
2011
Kochi
  
   Kochi City
2011
Kyushu District
  
Fukuoka
  
   Dazaifu City
2010
   Fukuoka City
2010
   Kitakyushu City
2010-2012
Kagoshima
  
   Hioki City
2010
   Kagoshima City
2010
Nagasaki
  
   Nagasaki City
2010
Oita
  
   Oita City
2010

Otsu City, Shiga
2006 - 2009

  About 1,300 years ago, there was an Imperial Palace called "Otsu-no-miya": Otsu City (‘å’ÃŽs) was the capital of Japan in the reigns of Emperor Tenji (“V’q“Vc) and Emperor Kobun (O•¶“Vc, 667-672) .  Later, when the capital was moved to Kyoto in 794, Otsu, located west of the Lake Biwa, developed into a gateway city to Eastern Japan and as a central city for land and water transportation systems.  Also, Otsu became a center for Buddhism since many major temples such as Enryaku-ji Temple (‰„—), Onjo-ji Temple (‰€éŽ›; or Mi-dera [ŽOˆäŽ›]), Saikyo-ji Temple (¼‹³Ž›) and Gichu-ji Temple (‹`’‡Ž›), were located here.
  In the Age of Civil Wars (í‘Žž‘ã, 1467-1568), Otsu was the site of several battles and many local samurai had their names etched in history.  During the Edo Period (1603-1867), Otsu was the largest gateway city between Tokyo and Kyoto.  Since that time, Otsu has remained the capital of Shiga Prefecture.  Rich in history and nature, the traditions of a vibrant culture characterize the city today.
  Otsu City has the prefectural seat of Shiga.  The population is 331,084 (March 1, 2009) and the area covers 464.10 square kilometers.

IMAGE
IMAGE NO.
DATA
Hieizan-Enryaku-ji
     Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple (”ä‰bŽR ‰„—), 4220 Sakamoto-hon-machi, Otsu, consists of more than 100 shrines and halls in the three areas of Mt. Hiei (848 meters high); To-to (East Tower Complex; East Area), Sai-to (West Tower Complex; West Area) and Yokawa.  In the late Heian Period in the twelfth century, the temple had three towers, sixteen valleys and three thousand Buddhist halls.  Many founders of other Japanese sects of Buddhism including Honen (the Jodo-shu sect), Shinran (the Jodoshin-shu sect), Dogen (the Soto-shu sect), Nichiren (the Nichiren-shu sect) and Ippen (the Ji-shu sect), once learned here before they founded their own sects.
  The Tendai-shu sect of esoteric Buddhism was introduced to Japan by the famous priest Saicho (767-822), known as "Dengyo-daishi" (lit. the great teacher who propagated the doctrines of Buddhism).  In the 23rd year of Enryaku (804), this well-learned priest asked Emperor Kanmu (737-806; r.781-806) to go to China [the Tang Dynasty, 618-907] as an envoy with Kukai (774- 835), known as "Koho-daishi" who founded the Shingon-shu sect at To-ji Temple, Kyoto, Kongobu-ji Temple at Mt. Koya in Wakayama.  Returning to Japan next year in 804, Saicho founded the Japanese Tendai-shu sect of Buddhism and built some Buddhist halls in Mt. Hiei under the influence of Guoqing-si Temple founded on the foot of Mt. Tiantai-shan ["Tendai-san" in Japanese] built in 598 in the Sui Dynasty.  It was in the 14th year of Konin (824) after Saicho's death that they were allowed to call the temple "Enryaku-ji."  They kept their tremendous power over centuries.
  On September 12, 1571, however, Nobunaga Oda commanded his army to burn almost all Buddhist buildings of Mt. Hiei including "Konpon-chu-do" (the main shrine founded by Saicho ) and killed more than 3,000 people including monk soldiers, women and children.  Hideyoshi Tomitomi and Ieyasu Tokugawa reconstructed their lost buildings as possible.  After Ieyasu's death, the powerful monk Tenkai founded Toeizan [lit. Mt. Hiei East] -Kanei-ji Temple in Ueno, Edo (now Tokyo) and began to deal with religious affairs over Japan under the control of the Tokugawa Shogunate.  Enryaku-ji Temple could never recover the power as they had had before 1571.
  After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Kanei-ji Temple suddenly declined with the destruction of the Shogunate.   However, the government and the local people supported Enyraku-ji Temple very well and even donated some new halls in the Showa Era (1926-1989).
  In December 1994, Enraku-ji Temple was included in the UNESCO World Heritage as a part of Kyoto's World Cultural Heritage.
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(Monday 20 February) Viewed from the Eizan Ropeway on the way to Hiei-zan
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(Monday 20 February) Viewed from the Eizan Ropeway on the way to Hiei-zan
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(Monday 20 February) A western view from the top of Hiei-zan (Mt. Hiei)
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(Monday 20 February) At the top of Hiei-zan (Mt. Hiei, 848.3 m).  The guidepost to Enyraku-ji Temple and the Sakamoto Cablecar Station saying "2.2 kilometers from here (about 30 minutes' walk)."
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(Monday 20 February) On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A signpost of Enryaku-ji Temple on the way to Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Benkei-sui (Benkei's Water).  On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple.  Musashibo-Benkei (?-1189) learned Buddhism in "Saito" (the west area) of Enyraku-ji Temple before he met his master Lord Yoshitsune Minamoto (1159-1189).  Probably there is no clear relationship between this spring and Benkei.
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(Monday 20 February) Benkei-sui (Benkei's Water).  On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple.  Musashibo-Benkei (?-1189) learned Buddhism in "Saito" (the west area) of Enyraku-ji Temple before he met his master Lord Yoshitsune Minamoto (1159-1189).  Probably there is no clear relationship between this spring and Benkei.
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(Monday 20 February) Benkei-sui (Benkei's Water).  On the way to Enryaku-ji Temple.  Musashibo-Benkei (?-1189) leanred Buddhism in "Saito" (the west area) of Enyraku-ji Temple before he met his master Lord Yoshitsune Minamoto (1159-1189).  Probably there is no clear relationship between this spring and Benkei.
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(Monday 20 February) "Kaidan-in" (Hall of the Ordination Platform, reconstructed in 1678), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) "Amida-do" (Hall of Amitabha), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple.  The temple enshrines the Amitabha Buddha.  It was built in 1937 to commemorate the 1150 anniversary of Mt. Hiei.  Daily memorial services are held for the souls of ancestors of the Tendai-sect believers.  A traditional Japanese style was adopted for the temple structure and interior.  The statue of the Amitabha was crafted by the authoritative sculptor Koseki Naito.
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(Monday 20 February) "Kanjo-do" (Hall of Initiation, reconstructed in 1984 with the donation from Kiyoshi Sagawa), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) "Dai-ko-do" (Great Lecture Hall, reconstructed in 1956), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) "Heiwa no Kane" (Bell of Peace), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Statue of the Lying Cow/Ox, East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple.  You can find same kind of the lying cow/ox statues in Kitano Tenmangu-Shrine, Kyoto.  As we know, the cow/ox is a sacred animal in India where Buddhism was born.
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(Monday 20 February) Signpost of "Komponchu-do" (Main Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) "Komponchu-do" (Central Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple.  It was rebuilt by the. 3rd Tokugawa Shogun Iemitsu in 1642.  Unfortunately taking a photograph inside is strictly prohibited.  This is a most impressive Buddhist structure of Japan showing the recondite doctrines of Buddhism.  I entered here twice and I always wish I could stay here as long as possible.
  Dengyo-daishi Saicho (767-822), the founder of the Tendai Denomination built the original temple in 788 as a place where he could pray for peace of Japan.  The temple enshrines a wooden statue of "Yakushi-nyorai" (Skt. Bhechadjaguru; the Physician of Souls) that was carved by Dengyodaishi.  The lanterns burning in front of "Yakushi-nyorai" are "the light of the eternal Dharma."  they have been burning perpetually for the past twelve hundred years are to remain burning until "Miroku Bosatsu" (Skt. Maitreya; the Buddha of Future will appear on the earth 5.6 billion and 70 million years after the Buddha entered Nirvana.  "Goma" the religious service to pray for peace and prosperity for the country and people is performed here daily.
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(Monday 20 February) "Komponchu-do" (Central Hall), viewed from Kenji Miyazawa's monument mound, East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) "Monjyu-do" (Hall of Manjushiri; the Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Intellect) in front of "Komponchu-do," East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple.  It was originally built in 868 for Jikaku-daishi's Zen meditation in a cross-legged position.  It was reconstructed by Iemitsu Tokugawa in 1642.
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(Monday 20 February) Statue of Dengyo-daishi Saicho as a child in front of "Komponchu-do," East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Information board of Kenji Miyazawa in front of "Komponchu-do" (Main Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple.  Kenji Miyazawa (poet and writer of juvenile stories, 1896-1933), known as a pious believer of the Nichiren-shu Sect of Buddhism, came to this temple with his father Masajiro (1874-1957) in April 1921 and was much impressed with "Konponchu-do," "Daiko-do" (Great Lecture Hall) and "Ninai-do" (Hall of Lotus and Hall of Perpetual Practice).  It is said that Miyazawa learned here that everybody's happiness is necessary.  After descending from Mt. Hiei, he wrote numerous poems and stories that are considered to be based on the Buddhist idea he got during his visit.
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(Monday 20 February) Another information board of Kenji Miyazawa in front of "Komponchu-do" (Main Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple: It explained a memoir of Kenji Miyazawa and his father's 1921 visit to Enryaku-ji Temple in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Miyazawa's birth.  Dated on October 13, in the 8th year of the Heisei Era (1996).
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(Monday 20 February) Monument mound of Kenji Miyazawa in front of "Komponchu-do" (Main Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Monument of Kenji Miyazawa's poem "Komponchu-do" (1921) in front of "Komponchu-do" (Main Hall), East Area, Enryaku-ji Temple:
  
  It is to be hoped that
  The supreme law of the Buddha,
  Mahayanist Buddhism,
  Great Teacher Dengyo's principle,
  May be accomplished.
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Monday 20 February) Map of Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple, East Area
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(Monday 20 February) Gate for cable car passengers from Cable Enryaku-ji Station, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Signpost for Cable Enryaku-ji Station, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple.  As the stone monument indicates, this is the site of Jigen-daishi Tenkai (1536-1643) who was a high priest serving for the Tokugawa Shogunate and revived Enryaku-ji Temple and founded Toeizan Kanei-ji Temple, Ueno, Edo [Tokyo] in the early sixteenth century.
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(Monday 20 February) On the way to Cable Enryaku-ji Station, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A stone lantern on the way to Cable Enryaku-ji Station, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) The first Shinto Gate to the Mudo-ji Benten-do Hall, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) The second Shinto Gate to he Mudo-ji Benten-do Hall, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A view on the way to he Mudo-ji Benten-do Hall, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A view on the way to he Mudo-ji Benten-do Hall, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A view on the way to he Mudo-ji Benten-do Hall, Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Stonesteps to Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple, if you like to climb up Mt. Hiei on foot.
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(Monday 20 February) Some sacred stones in the Sakamoto precinct of Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) Signpost reading "Kakumonhouxxx,"(untranslatable) in the Sakamoto precinct of Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
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(Monday 20 February) A hall in the Sakamoto precinct of Hieizan-Enryaku-ji Temple
  
     
Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
     Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine (“ú‹g‘åŽÐ; Hie-taisha [”ä‰b‘åŽÐ] or Sanno-Gongen [ŽR‰¤Œ Œ» ]; lit. the Avatar of the Mountain God), located at the hoot of Mt. Hiei, has a area of 400,000 square meters with numerous halls.  It is "Chinjyu-sha" (the tutelary shrine) for the temple Enryaku-ji Temple.  the exact foundation date and information is unknown, although there is a description of this shrine in Kojiki (The Record of Ancient Matters, 712).  Also, there are about 3,800 branch shrines over the country.
  The central deity at Mt. Hiei is "Sanno"(lit. Mountain King), an appellation given to all Shinto deities protecting this sacred mountain.  Sanno's messenger is the monkey.  The Sanno deity is broadly conceived, for Sanno actually represents three important Buddhas ("Shaka" [Shakyamuni; Gautama Buddha], "Yakushi" [Bhechadjaguru; the Physician of Soul], and "Amida" [Amitabha]), who in turn represent the three most important Shinto Gods (deities) of Hiyoshi-taisha.  These three gods are "Omiya," "Ninomiya" and "Shoushinshi" (¹^Žq).  Collectively, there are 21 Sanno deities at Mt. Hiei, each associated with a specific Buddhist counterpart.  These manifestations of the Sanno deity are called "Hie Sanno Gongen" (Mountain King Avatars of Hie Shrine).  Moreover, the number three is of tremendous importance in Tendai doctrine.  This may support the notion that the three-monkey motif originated in Japan in association with Mt. Hiei and Tendai-Shinto-Buddhism.  Also go to the Nikko page.
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(Monday 20 February) "Ichi-no-Torii" (the First Shinto Gate), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Ganzan-daishi-do" (Hall of Gensan-daishi; Jie-daishi Ryogen, 912-985; the 18th head priest of Tendai-shu Sect), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine.  He is known as the originator of "Omikuji" (written oracles).
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(Monday 20 February) Information board of the divinity of Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Ni-no-Torii" (the Second Shinto Shrine Gate), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Ro-mon" (Tower Gate) of "Nishi-Hongu" (West Main Shrine), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Hai-den" (Oratory) of "Nishi-Hongu" (West Main Shrine), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Hai-den" (Oratory) of "Usa-gu" (Usa Hall, built in 1598), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Hon-den" (Main Hall) of "Usa-gu" (Usa Hall, built in 1598), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) Small shrines, Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Ro-mon" (Tower Gate) of "Higashi-Hongu" (East Main Shrine), Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
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(Monday 20 February) "Jyuge-no-miya Honden" (Main Hall of Jyuge, left), "Higashi-Hon-gu Hai-den" (Oratory of East Main Hall, middle) and "Jyuge-no-miya Haiden" (Oratory of Jyuge, right) of "Higashi-Hongu" (East Main Shrine) viewed from the Tower Gate of the East Main Shrine, Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine
  
     
Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera
     Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple (ÎŒõŽR ÎŽRŽ›) is locate at 1-1-1 Ishiyamadera, Otsu City (‘å’ÃŽsÎŽRŽ›1-1-1).  It belongs to the Toji-Shingon-shu sect (“ŒŽ›^Œ¾@) of Buddhism.  It was founded by Roben (—Ç•Ù, 689-774) in the 19th year of Tempyo (“V•½19”N) or AD 747 at the request of 45th Emperor Shomu (¹•“Vc, 701-756; r.724-749).  It enshrines "Nyoirin-kannon" (”@ˆÓ—֊ω¹; cintaamaNicakra) as the main image.  "Ishiyama" literally means the stone mountain, which is eloquent of its location.
  Ishiyama-dera Temple is referred to in The Kagero Diary (wå‘åx“ú‹Lxc. 957) by Nichitsuna Fujiwara's mother (“¡Œ´“¹j•ê, 936?-995), The Sarashina Diary (wX‹‰“ú‹Lx?) by Takasuke Sugawara's daughter (›Œ´F•W—, 1008-1059 or later) and The Pillow Book (w–‘Žqx?) by Sei Shonagon (´ ­”[Œ¾, 966?-1025?).  Also, legend tells that this is the place where Lady Murasaki (Ž‡ Ž®•”, 978?-1016?) came up with an idea of the Tale of Genji (wŒ¹Ž•¨Œêxc.1001).
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(Friday 20 March) Illustrated map of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Stone Carving of Bunsenbo Rocho (•¶ò–V ˜NŸ; also Rocho-risshi [˜NŸ—¥Žt], 1131-1209) as a demon in the outer garden of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Rocho restored Ishiyama-dera Temple which was devastated at that time.  He wished to appear as a blue demon after his death, wishing that people would surrender him and welcome happiness (Goma-Shofuku; ~–‚µ•Ÿ).
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(Friday 20 March) Stone Carving of Bunsenbo Rocho (•¶ò–V ˜NŸ; also Rocho-risshi [˜NŸ—¥Žt], 1131-1209) as a demon in the outer garden of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Rocho restored Ishiyama-dera Temple which was devastated at that time.  He wished to appear as a blue demon after his death, wishing that people would surrender him and invite happiness (Goma-Shofuku; ~–‚µ•Ÿ).
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(Friday 20 March) Poster announcing the exposition of the main temple image of "Nyoirin-kannon" (”@ˆÓ—֊ω¹; cintaamaNicakra, , anonym in the Heian Period), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It is exposited in public once every 33 years.
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(Friday 20 March) Todai-mon Gate (“Œ‘å–å; the Great East Gate), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) One of the two Deva kings (m‰¤; ‹à„—ÍŽm, anonym, 13th c) of the Todai-mon Gate (“Œ‘å–å; the Great East Gate), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) One of the two Deva kings (m‰¤; ‹à„—ÍŽm, anonym, 13th c) of the Todai-mon Gate (“Œ‘å–å; the Great East Gate), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Kofu-en" (Œö•—‰€) or "Hakuji-tei" (”’Ž¨’à) (private), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Kofu-en" (Œö•—‰€) or "Hakuji-tei" (”’Ž¨’à) (private), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Kuguri-iwa" (‚­‚®‚èŠâ; a narrow sanctified [mysterious] cavern), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Kuguri-iwa" (‚­‚®‚èŠâ; a narrow sanctified [mysterious] cavern), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An old pond near "Kuguri-iwa" (‚­‚®‚èŠâ; a narrow sanctified [mysterious] cavern), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) A small shrine for Nasu-no-yoichi Jizo-son (“ߐ{—^ˆê’n‘ ‘¸), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Yoichi Nasu (“ߐ{ —^ˆê, c.1169-c.1232) was a samurai who fought alongside the Minamoto clan (Œ¹Ž) in the Gempei War (Œ¹•½‡í, 1180-1185).  He is particularly famous for his actions at the Battle of Yashima (‰®“‡‚̐킢) in 1184.  According to the Heike Monogatari (w•½‰Æ•¨Œêx), the enemy Taira (•½Ž) placed a fan atop the mast of one of their ships, claiming it protected the ship from arrows, and daring the Minamoto warriors to shoot it off.  Sitting atop his mount in the waves, his target atop the ship rocking as well, Nasu nevertheless shot it down with only one shot.
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(Friday 20 March) Gate of Teahouse Mitsuzo-in (–§‘ ‰@), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The famous poet/novelist Toson Shimazaki (“‡è “¡‘º, 1872-1943) rented one room of this house from May to July, 1893 (–¾Ž¡26”N), boarding himself.
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(Friday 20 March) Garden of Teahouse Mitsuzo-in (–§‘ ‰@), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The famous poet/novelist Toson Shimazaki (“‡è “¡‘º, 1872-1943) rented one room of this house from May to July, 1893 (–¾Ž¡26”N), boarding himself.
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(Friday 20 March) Garden of Teahouse Mitsuzo-in (–§‘ ‰@), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The famous poet/novelist Toson Shimazaki (“‡è “¡‘º, 1872-1943) rented one room of this house from May to July, 1893 (–¾Ž¡26”N), boarding himself.
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(Friday 20 March) Teahouse Mitsuzo-in (–§‘ ‰@), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The famous poet/novelist Toson Shimazaki (“‡è “¡‘º, 1872-1943) rented one room of this house from May to July, 1893 (–¾Ž¡26”N), boarding himself.
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(Friday 20 March) A watermill, Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Akai-ya (ˆ¢‰¾ˆä‰®) or the magical fountain (—ìò) of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Akai-ya (ˆ¢‰¾ˆä‰®) or the magical fountain (—ìò) of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Kannon Hall (ŠÏ‰¹“°; Kuan Yin Hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Kannon Hall (ŠÏ‰¹“°; Kuan-Yin [Skt. Avalokitesvara] Hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  This hall enshrines all the 33 images of the Saigoku-33-kasho (¼‘ŽO\ŽO‰ÓŠ; The Thirty-Three Kannon [Kuan-Yin: Skt. Avalokitesvara] Temples in Western Japan).
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(Friday 20 March) Bishamon-do Hall (”ù¹–å“°, built in 1773), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It is a hall dedicated to Vaisravans (the god of treasure) donated by Yoritomo Minamoto (Œ¹ —Š’©) in the Kenkyu Era (Œš‹v”NŠÔ) between 1190 and 1199.
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(Friday 20 March) Bishamon-do Hall (”ù¹–å“°, built in 1773), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It is a hall dedicated to Vaisravans (the god of treasure).
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Bishamon-do Hall (”ù¹–å“°, built in 1773), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The three statues are Tobatsu-Bishamon-ten (Š•æë”ù¹–å“V) (middle), Kissho-ten (‹gË“V) (right) and Zen-nishi-doji (‘PäVŽt“¶Žq) (left).
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(Friday 20 March) Miei-do Hall (Œä‰e“°), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It enshrines three Buddhist monks strongly related to Ishiyama-dera Temple: Roben (—Ç•Ù), Kukai (‹óŠC) and Jyunyu (~—S).
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(Friday 20 March) Miei-do Hall (Œä‰e“°), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It enshrines three Buddhist monks strongly related to Ishiyama-dera Temple: Roben (—Ç•Ù), Kukai (‹óŠC) and Jyunyu (~—S).
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Miei-do Hall (Œä‰e“°), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  It enshrines three Buddhist monks strongly related to Ishiyama-dera Temple: Roben (—Ç•Ù) (right), Kukai (‹óŠC) (middle) and Jyunyu (~—S) (left).
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(Friday 20 March) Rennyo-do Hall (˜@”@“°, built in 1602), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Rennyo (˜@”@, 1415-1499) was the restorer of Jodo-Shin-shu sect of Buddhism (ò“y^@).
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(Friday 20 March) A replica of the picture of Rennyo (˜@”@, 1415-1499) as a 6-year boy wearing a wadded silk garment with a white-spotted pattern (Ž­‚ÌŽq‚̏¬‘³) in Rennyo-do Hall of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.
  When Rennyo was in the 6th year and called Hotei-maru (•z‘ÜŠÛ) in his infancy, his mother clothed the young boy in a wadded silk garment with a white-spotted pattern here, asking a painter to draw a picture of him and convincing the boy of prospering the Jodo-Shin-shu sect.  His mother, a woman of no birth, soon disappeared from here with the picture.  Getting through the long dependence on his father, Rennyo finally became the 6th head priest of the sect at the age of 43.  After succeeding the head priest, Rennyo came to Ishiyama-dera Temple and found his old garment.  Reportedly, holding it, he broke into tears.
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(Friday 20 March) The altar for the picture of Rennyo (˜@”@, 1415-1499) as a 6-year boy wearing a wadded silk garment with a white-spotted pattern (Ž­‚ÌŽq‚̏¬‘³) in Rennyo-do Hall of Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  See the above pic "sot2009-055."
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(Friday 20 March) Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  After the original building was burnt down in the 2nd year of Joryaku (³—ï2”N) or AD 1078, the present building was restored in the 1st year of Eicho (‰i’·Œ³”N) or AD 1096.  In the 7th year of Keicho (Œc’·7”N) or AD 1602, "Rai-do" (—ç“°; the prayer hall) and "Ai-no-ma" (‘Š‚ÌŠÔ; an intermediate room) were reconstructed by Yodo-gimi (—„ŒN), a wife of Hideyoshi Toyotomi (–Lb G‹g).
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An image of ."Binzuru" (•o“ªá¸; Skt. Pindola Bharadvaja) at Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Pindola was one of the sixteen arahats, who were disciples of the Buddha.  Pindola is said to have excelled in the mastery of occult powers.  It is commonly believed in Japan that when a person rubs a part of the image of "Binzuru" and then rubs the corresponding part of his/her own body, his/her ailment there will disappear. Cf. the Asuka Area page, the Nara Central page and the Nagahama page..
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(Friday 20 March) Genji's room (Œ¹Ž‚ÌŠÔ) or the north room (–k‚Ì•”‰®) of Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  Lady Murasaki (Ž‡Ž®•”) was asked to write some story by her mistress Chugu Akiko [or Shoshi: ’†‹{ ²Žq, 988-1074], Empress of Emperor Ichijo (ˆêð“Vc).  On the 15th night of 8th month (”ªŒŽ\ŒÜ–é) of the 1st year of Kanko (Š°OŒ³”N) in the lunar calendar (‘¾‰A—ï), Lady Murasaki confined herself in this temple for prayer.  She was reportedly much impressed with the beautiful nightscape of Lake Biwa when the full moon over Konze-yama Hill (‹àŸŽR, 566.8m) cast a pale light on the surface of the water.  Then she came up with an excellent idea for Chapter 12 "Suma" ({–‚ÌŠª) and Chapter 13 "Akashi" (–¾Î‚ÌŠª) of the Tale of Genji (wŒ¹Ž•¨Œêx, 1001) at the north room of Hon-do..
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(Friday 20 March) Genji's room (Œ¹Ž‚ÌŠÔ) or the north room (–k‚Ì•”‰®) of Hon-do (–{“°; the main hall), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple: Lady Murasaki's wax doll.
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sanjyu-hasho-Gongen-sha Hon-den Hall (ŽO\”ªŠŒ Œ»ŽÐ–{“a) built in 1602 (Œc’·7”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) A small red shrine gate, Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Kyo-zo" (Œo‘ ; the scripture house), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N) over wollastonites (tabular spars; Œ]ŠDÎ) and "Ishi-doro" (Î“”âÄ; the stone lantern), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N) over wollastonites (tabular spars; Œ]ŠDÎ), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of "Taho-to" (‘½•ó“ƒ; the two-storied pagoda composed of a square lower story and a cylindrical upper story) built in 1194 (Œš‹v5”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple.  The main image (–{‘¸) is called "Dainichi-nyorai-zazo" (‘å“ú”@—ˆÀ‘œ; the Seated Image of Dainichi Buddha [Skt. Mahavairocanasatathagata, 102 cm high in wood) which was made by Kaikei (‰õŒc) in c. 1194 (Œš‹v5”N).
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(Friday 20 March) An octagonal hall called "Shingyo-do" Hall (SŒo“°; a scripture hall) built in March 1990 (•½¬2”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An octagonal hall called "Shingyo-do" Hall (SŒo“°; a scripture hall) built in March 1990 (•½¬2”N), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Seated statue of Lady Murasaki (Ž‡Ž®•”), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Seated statue of Lady Murasaki (Ž‡Ž®•”), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Hikari-do" Hall (Λҡ), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An ume orchard called "Kochi-no-en" (“Œ•—‚̉‘), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An ume orchard called "Kochi-no-en" (“Œ•—‚̉‘), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An ume orchard called "Kochi-no-en" (“Œ•—‚̉‘), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) An ume orchard called "Kochi-no-en" (“Œ•—‚̉‘), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Tsukimi-tei" (ŒŽŒ©’à; the Moon-viewing Pavilion), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) "Sho-ro" (à˜O; the belfry), Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
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(Friday 20 March) Sekko-zan Ishiyama-dera Temple
  
     
Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple
     Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple (’©“úŽR‹`’‡Ž›) is located at 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City (‘å’ÃŽs”nê1-5-12).This area was formerly called Awazugahara (ˆ¾’ÖŒ´), a viewpoint of Lake Biwa.  The temple was built to venerate the reposed spirit of Yoshinaka Kiso (–Ø‘] ‹`’‡, 1154-1184), also known as Yoshinaka Minamoto (Œ¹‹`’‡), who once called "Asahi Shogun" (’©“ú«ŒR).  Although the exact foundation date is unknown, it started with a thatched cottage built here by "a woman of no name," later identified with Lady Tomoe (”bŒä‘O, ?-?) who was a daughter of Kaneto Nakahara (’†Œ´ Œ“‰“, ?-?) and Yoshinaka's beautiful mistress/brave warrior.  After the nun's death, it was called "Mumyo-an" (–³–¼ˆÁ; lit. a cottage of no name) and later "Tomoe-dera" (”bŽ›).  In the era of Koan (OˆÀ”NŠÔ) in the late thirteenth century, this temple was recorded as Kido-zuka (–Ø‘]’Ë), Kiso-dera (–Ø‘]Ž›) and Gichu-ji Temple (‹`’‡Ž›).  It first belonged to Ishiyama-dera Temple and later Mi-dera Temple (ŽOˆäŽ›).
  
  In 1154 Yoshinaka Kiso was born in Okura-tachi (‘å‘ ŠÙ) in Musashi-no-kuni (•‘ ‘) [now Ranzan-machi, County Hiki, Saitama (é‹ÊŒ§”äŠéŒS—’ŽR’¬)] as the 2nd son of Yoshikata Minamoto (Œ¹ ‹`Œ«, ?-1155), brother of Yoshitomo Minamoto (Œ¹ ‹`’©, 1123-1160), and grew up under protection of Kaneto Nakahara (’†Œ´ Œ“‰“, ?-?) in Kiso (–Ø‘]).  In the 4th year of Jisho (Ž¡³4”N) or AD 1180, Yoshinaka raised an army against the Heishi (or Taira) clan (•½Ž) in Shinano (M”Z; now Nagano) responding the message (—ߎ|) of Prince Mochihito (ˆÈm‰¤; 3rd prince of Emperor Goshirakawa, 1151-1180) and defeated the numerous Heishi army in the Hokuriku Distirict (–k—¤) in May 1183 (Žõ‰i2”N).  Yoshinaka's troops went to Kyoto in July 1183.  Ex-emperor Goshirakawa (Œã”’‰Í–@‰¤) the dictator, and people in Kyoto first welcomed Yoshinaka's troops as their saviors from the tyranny of the Heishi clan.  However, his soldiers were so called subsidiary troops who soon became out of Yoshinaka's control, behaved in a disorderly manner and committed all sorts of excesses in the capital.  Moreover, Yoshinaka interfered in succession to the Imperial Throne, insisting that Prince Hokuroku (–k—¤‹{, 1165-1230), 1st son of Prince Mochihito, must succeed the Throne.  The relationship between Yoshinaka and the ex-emperor got worse and worse.  On November 19, 1183 (Žõ‰i2”N) Yonaka's troops suddenly attacked Goshirakawa's Palace Hojyuji (‰@ŒäŠE–@ZŽ›“a) and mured up Ex-emperor Goshirakawa and Emperor Gotoba (Œã’¹‰H“Vc): This incident was later called "Hojyuji-kassen" (–@ZŽ›‡í; Battle of Hojyuji).  Yoshinaka enforced them to appoint him as "Seii-Tai-Shogun" (ªˆÎ‘叫ŒR; the commander-in-chief of an expeditionary force against the barbarians) on January 15, 1184 (Žõ‰i3”N).  Before long, the Kamakura army (Š™‘qŒR) led by Noriyori and Yoshitsune Minamoto (Œ¹”Í—ŠAŒ¹‹`Œo) arrived in Kyoto.  Many of Yoshinaka's soldiers ran away and the rest of them were crushed by the Kamakura army.  Yoshinaka was killed at the age of 31 at Battle of Awazu (ˆ¾’Â̐킢) on January 20, 1184.  His ruling world lasted only for 60 days.  
  
  Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ, 1644-1694), who had a great sympathy with the life of Yoshinaka, loved this temple and often visited here during the Jokyo Era (’勝”NŠÔ; 1684-1688).  Basho died on October 12, 1694 (Œ³˜\7”N) at an inn of Osaka (‘åã) leaving his will of sending his corpse to Kiso-zuka (–Ø‘]’Ë).  So he rests in peace here.
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(Friday 20 March) Keihan-Zeze Station (‹žã‘VŠ‰w), the nearest station to Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple.  It is along Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line (ÎŽRâ–{ü) of Keihan Denki Tetsudo (‹žã“d‹C“S“¹).
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(Friday 20 March) Signpost of Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) San-mon Gate (ŽR–å), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) An internal view from San-mon Gate (ŽR–å), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Tochi-ou (“ȉ¥), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Uguisu no (éò‚Ì)
  Hotsu to derashiki (‚ق‚Əo‚炵‚«)
  Hatsune kana (‰‰¹Æ)
  (The bush-warbler [Japanese nightingale]
  Finally sings
  The first song.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Otoya Tomioka (•x‰ª ‰³–ç), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Andon no (s“•‚Ì)
  Hitori kiesari (‚ЂƂèÁ‚¦‚³‚è)
  Sarigenaki (‚¯‚³‚̏H)
  (A paper-lamp has
  Gone out before one knows.
  I feel autumn this morning.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) Lady Yamabuki's grave (ŽR‹Ÿ—{’Ë), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.  Lady Yamabuki was a mysterious mistress of Yoshinaka who took her from Shinano (M”Z).  Reportedly being sick, she was left behind when Yoshinaka left Kyoto in despair.  However, she was said to have been here after Yoshinaka's death.  Some say that she was caught by the Kamakura army while others say that she committed suicide, overwhelmed in sorrow.
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(Friday 20 March) Awazu-bunko (ˆ¾’Õ¶ŒÉ; Awazu Library), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Chomu Gen-abutsu (’±–²Œ¶ˆŸ˜Å), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Hatsu-yuki ya (‰á‚â)
  Hie yori minami (“úŽ}‚æ‚è“ì)
  Sarigenaki (‚³‚è‹C‚È‚«)
  (Virgin snow is falling
  On the bricks in the south
  As if casually.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Rojin Okada (‰ª“c ˜Dl), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Tsuki no umi (ŒŽ‚ÌŒÎ)
  Nio wa uitari (éê‚Í•‚‚«‚½‚è)
  Shizumitari (‚µ‚Ã~‚½‚è)
  (On the Moon Lake
  Grebes come up to the surface
  And go to the bottom.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Gido Yajima (– ‹a“´), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Yoi tokoro he (‚æ‚¢ˆ‚Ö)
  Chireba sakura no (‚¿‚ê‚΂³‚­‚ç‚Ì)
  Kaho kana (‰Ê•ñ‚©‚È)
  (If on a good place
  Cherry blossoms could fall
  It would be a fortune.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Furu-ike ya (ŒÃ’r‚â)
  Kawazu tobikomu (Š^”ò‚±‚Þ)
  Mizu no oto (…‚̉¹)
  (The old pond
  A frog falls into.
  A light plop of silence.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A tanka monument of Old Giichi Miura (ŽO‰Y ‹`ˆê ‰¥), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Kakunogotoki (‚©‚­‚Ì‚²‚Æ‚«)
  Womina no arito (‚ð‚Ý‚È‚Ì‚ ‚è‚Æ)
  Katsute mata (‚©‚‚Ă܂½)
  Omohishi koto wa (‚¨‚à‚Ђµ‚±‚Æ‚Í)
  Ware ni nakariki (‚í‚ê‚É‚È‚©‚è‚«)
  Such a woman
  Once lived here
  Who thought of
  One man as ever.
  I've never done it.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) "Red stone of Sado" (²“n‚̐ԐÎ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Lady Tomoe's grave (”b’Ë), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.
  As legend tells, Lady Tomoe came here in Awazuno with Yoshinaka, but he persuaded her to effect her escape.  She followed his words crying and crying after killing the enemy's general Hachiro Onda (‰¶“c ”ª˜Y).  However, she was finally caught by the Kamakura army.  Then she became a wife of Yoshimori Wada (˜a“c‹`·, 1147-1213).  After his death at the age of 67, Tomoe become a Buddhist nun wandering across the country.  When she appeared here and made a thatched cottage praying for Yoshinaka for years.  A legend also tells that she departed without saying a word and that she ended her life in Shinshu-Kiso (MB–Ø‘]) at the age of 90.
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(Friday 20 March) Signboard indicating the grave of Lord Yoshinaka Kiso, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Yoshinaka Kiso (–Ø‘]‹`’‡, 1154-1184), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Yoshinaka Kiso (–Ø‘]‹`’‡, 1154-1184), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö”mÔ, 1644-1694), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.  He had a great sympathy with the life of Yoshinaka, loved this temple and often visited here during the Jokyo Era (’勝”NŠÔ; 1684-1688).  Basho died on October 12, 1694 (Œ³˜\7”N) at an inn of Osaka (‘åã) leaving his will of sending his corpse to Kiso-zuka (–Ø‘]’Ë).  So he rests in peace here.
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö”mÔ, 1644-1694), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Tabi ni yande (—·‚É•a‚ñ‚Å)
  Yume wa kareno wo (–²‚͖͌ì‚ð)
  Kakemeguru (‚©‚¯‰ô‚é)
  (Being sick on a journey,
  My dreams run round
  A dreary field.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) Kiso Hachiman-jinjya Shrine (–Ø‘]”ª”¦ŽÐ) in the precincts of Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Kiso Hachiman-jinjya Shrine (–Ø‘]”ª”¦ŽÐ) in the precincts of Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The memorial stone post of the 200th anniversary of Basho Matsuo's death (right) and the memorial stone post of the 300th anniversary of Basho Matsuo's death (left), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Rojo Segawa (£ì ˜Ié), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Akikusa wo uekomite (H‘‚ð‚¤‚ï‚±‚Ý‚Ä)
  (Planting an autumn flower)
  
  Samazama no (‚³‚Ü‚´‚Ü‚Ì)
  Tsuyu hitomura no (˜I‚ЂƂނç‚Ì)
  Sakari kana (‚³‚©‚èÆ)
  (A variety of
  Dews in a tuft
  Are in their prime.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) Graves of some haiku poets, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A stone pagoda of Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Yuku-haru wo (st‚ð)
  Omi no hito to (‚ ‚Óƒ~‚̐l‚Æ)
  Oshimi keri (‚¨‚µ‚Ý‚¯‚é)
  (To the departing spring
  I bid a fond farewell
  With people in Omi.)
    (trans. ver.1, Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Yuku-haru wo (st‚ð)
  Omi no hito to (‚ ‚Óƒ~‚̐l‚Æ)
  Oshimi keri (‚¨‚µ‚Ý‚¯‚é)
  (To the outgoing spring
  I bid a fond farewell
  With a man to see.)
    (trans. ver.2, Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) A haiku monument of Basho Matsuo (¼”ö ”mÔ), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City:
  
  Kiso-dono to (–Ø‘]“a‚Æ)
  Senaka-awase no (”w’†‡‚킹‚Ì)
  Samusa kana (Š¦‚³‚©‚È)
  (With Lord Kiso
  Back-to-back
  I feel cold.)
    (trans. Eishiro Ito)
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(Friday 20 March) The old pond by Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, etc. Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The old well and Azazu-bunko (ˆ¾’Õ¶ŒÉ; Awazu Library), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Asahi-do Hall (’©“ú“°; the main hall), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Asahi-do Hall (’©“ú“°; the main hall), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Asahi-do Hall (’©“ú“°; the main hall), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.  It enshrines the image of "Sho-Kanzeon-bosatsu" (¹ŠÏ¢‰¹•ìŽF; Avalokitesvara-bodhisattva: the Goddess of Mercy) as well as the wooden small statues of Yoshinaka Kiso and Yoshitaka (–Ø‘]‹`’‡A–Ø‘]‹`‚).  The present building was reconstructed in 1979 (º˜a54”N).
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(Friday 20 March) "Shinyo-do-bunko" (g—]“°•¶ŒÉ; Shinyodo Library) next to "Awazu-bunko," Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The wooden image of Basho Matsuo in Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The ceiling of Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.  The series of pictures (15 pics) titled "Shiki-Kaki-zu" (uŽl‹G‰Ô™Á}v; "Flowers in Four Seasons") was painted by Jyakuchu Ito (ˆÉ“¡Žá™t, 1716|1800).
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(Friday 20 March) The ceiling of Okina-do Hall (‰¥“°) dedicated to Basho Matsuo, Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City.  The series of pictures (15 pics) titled "Shiki-Kaki-zu" (uŽl‹G‰Ô™Á}v; "Flowers in Four Seasons") was painted by Jyakuchu Ito (ˆÉ“¡Žá™t, 1716|1800).
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(Friday 20 March) Tomoe-Jizo-do Hall (”b’n‘ “°), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Tomoe-Jizo-do Hall (”b’n‘ “°), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A picture of the popular Noh drama "Tomoe" (u”\Šy ”bv, anonymous, date unknown), Tomoe-Jizo-do Hall (”b’n‘ “°), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The prayer stone of Tomoe-Jizo-do Hall (”b’n‘ “°), Asahi-san Gichu-ji Temple, 1-5-12 Baba, Otsu City
  
     
Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple
     Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple (’·“™ŽR ‰€éŽ›), or widely known as Mii-dera Temple (ŽOˆäŽ›), 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City (‘å’ÃŽs‰€éŽ›’¬246).  It was founded by Otomo-Yota-o (‘å—F—^‘½‰¤), son of Emperor Kobun (O•¶“Vc; also ‘å—FcŽq; Prince Otomo) in the 2nd year of Temmu (“V•2”N) or AD 673 in order to mourn for his deceased father who died in Battle of Jinshun (p\‚Ì—) in AD 672 or in the year of Jinshin.  The temple name "Onjo" is derived from the fact that Prince Otomo-Yota-o donated his demesne (“c‰€) and his castle town (é—W).  They began to announce their name "Nagara-san Onjo-ji" after the temple received a tablet with the words "Onjo-ji" (‰€éŽ›) by Emperor Tenmu (“V•“Vc).  The origin of their pseudonym "Mii-dera" (ŽOˆäŽ›) is that there is a fountain used for the first cleaning bath (ŽY“’) for three emperors, Emperor Tenji (“V’q“Vc), Emperor Tenmu (“V•“Vc) and Emperor Jito (Ž““Vc), so that people called this temple "Mii no tera" (Œäˆä‚ÌŽ›).  Later Enchin (‰~’¿; or Chisho-daishi [’qØ‘åŽt], 814-891) used the fountain water for the solemn ritual called "Sambu-Kancho" (ŽO•”ŠÁ’¸) of Esoteric Buddhism.  "Sambu" indicates the Three Scriptures (‘å“úŒoA‹à„’¸ŒoA‘hŽ»’nŒo), and "Kancho" suggests the esoteric Buddhist ritual of pouring water on the top of a monk's head.
  Although the temple had to get through numerous war flames, losing many treasures and temple buildings, etc., it was reconstructed with the financial supports of many persons in authority including the Toyotomi family (–Lb‰Æ) and the Tokugawa clan (“¿ìŽ).  So the temple still has many precious treasures and architectures.  It is the head temple of the Tendai-ji-mon-shu sect of Buddhism (“V‘䎛–å@) since Enchin who studied Buddhism at Tiantai Shan Guoqingsi Temple (“V‘äŽR ‘´Ž›) in the Tang Dynasty China.
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(Friday 20 March) Miidera Station (ŽOˆäŽ›‰w), the nearest station to Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City.  It is along Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line (ÎŽRâ–{ü) of Keihan Denki Tetsudo (‹žã“d‹C“S“¹).
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(Friday 20 March) Mio-jinjya Shrine (ŽO”ö_ŽÐ) off Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  The shrine was originally in the precincts of Onjo-ji Temple before the law forbidding the fusion of Shinto and Buddhism (_•§”»‘R—ß) in the 4th year of Meiji (–¾Ž¡4”N) or AD 1868.
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(Friday 20 March) Mio-jinjya Shrine (ŽO”ö_ŽÐ) off Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Mai-den" (•‘“a; the Sacred Dance Hall) of Mio-jinjya Shrine (ŽO”ö_ŽÐ) off Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Illustrated map pf Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Another illustrated map of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A poster announcing the exhibition of the treasures of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "So-mon" Gate (‘–å), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A reception by the entrance to Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Suikan-ji Temple (…ŠÏŽ›), a branch temple founded in 1028 in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Suikan-ji Temple (…ŠÏŽ›), a branch temple founded in 1028 in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Interior of Suikan-ji Temple (…ŠÏŽ›), a branch temple founded in 1028 in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  The main image is "Yakushi-Ruri-ko-nyorai" (–òŽt—Ú—žŒõ”@—ˆ; Bhechadjaguru Tathagata Lighted in Lapis Lazuli).
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(Friday 20 March) Stone steps to Kannon-do Hall (ŠÏ‰¹“°; Hall of the Kuan Yin [Skt. Avalokitesvara]), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A small shrine by the stone steps up to Kannon-do Hall (ŠÏ‰¹“°; Hall of the Kuan Yin [Skt. Avalokitesvara]), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inscription stone of the Kannon-do Hall as the 14th Fuda-sho (ŽDŠ; amulet-issuing office) of the Saigoku-33-kasho (¼‘ŽO\ŽO‰ÓŠ; The Thirty-Three Kannon [Kuan-Yin: Skt. Avalokitesvara] Temples in Western Japan), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Chozu-ya/Temizu-ya" (Žè…ŽÉ; the washbasin) before the Kannon-do Hall, Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Hyakutai-Kannon-do Hall (•S‘̊ω¹“°; Hall of One Hundred Kannon Statues), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Kangetsu-butai" (ŠÏŒŽ•‘‘ä; lit. the Moon-Viewing Stage) in front of the Kannon-do Hall, Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Kannon-do Hall as the 14th Fuda-sho (ŽDŠ; amulet-issuing office) of the Saigoku-33-kasho (¼‘ŽO\ŽO‰ÓŠ; The Thirty-Three Kannon [Kuan-Yin: Skt. Avalokitesvara] Temples in Western Japan), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of the Kannon-do Hall as the 14th Fuda-sho (ŽDŠ; amulet-issuing office) of the Saigoku-33-kasho (¼‘ŽO\ŽO‰ÓŠ; The Thirty-Three Kannon [Kuan-Yin: Skt. Avalokitesvara] Temples in Western Japan), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of the Kannon-do Hall as the 14th Fuda-sho (ŽDŠ; amulet-issuing office) of the Saigoku-33-kasho (¼‘ŽO\ŽO‰ÓŠ; The Thirty-Three Kannon [Kuan-Yin: Skt. Avalokitesvara] Temples in Western Japan), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Stone statue of Shuho-Kannon (O•óŠÏ‰¹), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  "Shusho" means the treasures that people are covetous of.  Shuho-Kannon is Kuan-Yin (Skt. Avalokitesvara) who protects people from rakshasa (—…™‹), that is, fiends and cannibals.  Buddhism teaches that if one prays for the Shuho-Kannon other people also obtain salvation.
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(Friday 20 March) Stone statue of Shuho-Kannon (O•óŠÏ‰¹), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Stone statue of Namu-do Kannon-bosatsu (“ì–³“¶ŠÏ‰¹•ìŽF), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Bimyo-ji Temple (”÷–­Ž›), a branch temple of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It was reconstructed by the 5th year of An-ei (ˆÀ‰i5”N) or AD 1776.
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of Bimyo-ji Temple (”÷–­Ž›), a branch temple of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  The main image is "Jyuichi-men-Kanzeon-bosatsu" (\ˆê–ʊϐ¢‰¹•ìŽF; Skt. Ekadaza Mukha: the Eleven-faced Avalokitesvara).
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(Friday 20 March) Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Entrance to the Founder's Hall (‘åŽt“°) via Kancho-do Hall (ŠÁ’¸“°), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Sanjyu-no-to" (ŽOd“ƒ; the Three-storied Pagoda) built in 1601 (Œc’·6”N) by Ieyasu Tokugawa (“¿ì‰ÆN), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Kon-do Hall (‹à“°; the main hall), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  the present building was built by Kita-no-mandokoro (–k­Š), wife of Hideyoshi Toyotomi (–LbG‹g) in 1599 (Œc’·4”N).  The main image is Miroku-butsu (–íèӕ§: Maitreya-bodhisattva).  The interior maintains characteristics of Tiantai Shan esoteric Buddhism (“V‘ä–§‹³).
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(Friday 20 March) Domae-toro (“°‘O“”âÄ; the stone lantern in front of the Kon-do Hall), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It was donated by Emperor Tenji (“V’q“Vc) for the repose of the souls of the ill-starred Soga family (‘h‰äŽ) in the mid-seventh century.
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(Friday 20 March) "Mii no Bansho" (ŽOˆä‚̔ӏà; the evening bell of the Mii temple), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It was made in 1602 (Œc’·7”N).  It weighs 2,250 kg.
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(Friday 20 March) "Mii no Bansho" (ŽOˆä‚̔ӏà; the evening bell of the Mii temple), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) House of Benkei's Dragging Bell (•ÙŒc‚̈ø à), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) House of Benkei's Dragging Bell (•ÙŒc‚̈ø à), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Benkei's Dragging Bell (•ÙŒc‚̈ø à), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It was made in the early Nara Period (AD 710-784).
  As legend tells, sometime in the Heian Period, Hidesato Fujiwara (“¡Œ´ G‹½), also known as Tarawa-no-Tota Hidesato (•U“¡‘¾G‹½), fought off the giant centipede (•S‘«) on the Hill of Mikami-yama (ŽOãŽR, 428 m) and received this bell from the Dragon (—´_) in token of his gratitude.  Then Hidesato donated it to this temple.  Later the legendary monk-warrior Musashibo Benkei (•‘ –V•ÙŒc, ?-1189?), a monk of Hiei-zan Enryaku-ji Temple, depredated this bell and dragged it all the way up to Mt. Hiei (”ä‰bŽR, 848 m) during a struggle between the two temples.  When a monk rang the bell, it sounded like "Ino, ino" (Going home, going home).  Benkei got angry at the bell and threw it away into the bottom of a ravine.  You can still find some stripes and splits on the bell.
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(Friday 20 March) Benkei's Dragging Bell (•ÙŒc‚̈ø à), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It was made in the early Nara Period (AD 710-784)
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(Friday 20 March) Benkei's Cooking Pot (•ÙŒc‚̏`“ç) actually used by many monk soldiers including Benkei, House of Benkei's Dragging Bell (•ÙŒc‚̈ø à), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Akai-ya" (脉¾ˆä‰®), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  "Akai-ya" is a house of the well for drawing a spiritual water for Buddhist altars and graves.  The spiritual fountain, the origin of the temple name "Mii-dera" (ŽOˆäŽ›) is here in the house.  The present building was restored in 1600 (Œc’·5”N).
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(Friday 20 March) "Akai-ya" (脉¾ˆä‰®), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inside of "Akai-ya" (脉¾ˆä‰®), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The wood carving of the dragon by Jingoro Hidari (¶rŒÜ˜Y, 1594-1651), "Akai-ya" (脉¾ˆä‰®), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Kumano-Gongen-sha Shrine (ŒF–쌠Œ»ŽÐ) rebuilt in 1873 (“V•Û8”N) in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Three stone seated statues of the Buddhas, Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Jiki-do" Hall (H“°) or "Shaka-do" Hall (Žß‰Þ“°; Hall of Sakyamuni), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.  It enshrines "Shaka-nyorai" (Žß‰Þ”@—ˆ; Shakyamuni Tathagata).
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(Friday 20 March) "Nio-mon" Gate (m‰¤–å; the Deva Gate), built in 1452 (•ó“¿4”N), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Nio-mon" Gate (m‰¤–å; the Deva Gate), built in 1452 (•ó“¿4”N), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) One Deva statue of "Nio-mon" Gate (m‰¤–å; the Deva Gate), built in 1452 (•ó“¿4”N), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The otner Deva statue of "Nio-mon" Gate (m‰¤–å; the Deva Gate), built in 1452 (•ó“¿4”N), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Nio-mon" Gate (m‰¤–å; the Deva Gate), built in 1452 (•ó“¿4”N), Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
  
     
Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra
     Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra (V—…ŽO˜Y‹`Œõ; Œ¹‹`Œõ, 1045-1127) is located in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple.  It is in the foot of the hill of Shinra-Zenshin-do Hall (V—…‘P_“°; V—…–¾_): about 200 m down from the hall where Yoshimitsu had the ceremony of assuming manhood (Œ³•ž).  Yoshimitsu was the 3rd son of Yoriyoshi Minamoto (Œ¹ —Š‹`) and a younger brother of Yoshie Minamoto (Œ¹‹`‰Æ).  When Yoshiie had to fight against heavy odds in the Late Three Years' War (ŒãŽO”N‚Ì–ð, 1083-1087) in the Oshu (now the Tohoku District), Yoshimitsu threw away his status in Kyoto and headed for the Oshu area.  After the war he stayed in Hitachi-no-kuni (í—¤‘; now Ibaraki) getting a wife from the Yoshida family (‹g“cˆê‘°), the local powerful family.  However, after Yoshiie's death, he came back to Kyoto and designed to dominate the whole Genji clan (Œ¹Ž) in vain.  He pulled the wires in killing Yoshitada Minamoto (Œ¹ ‹`’‰), his nephew and chief of the Genji clan at that time.  After all, however, Yoshimitsu had to get back to Hitachi, abandoning his ambition.  Historians agree that Yoshimistu's plot caused the decline of the Genji clan.  His achievements, however, were his famous descendants including the Takeda clan (•“cŽ), the Satake clan (²’|Ž), Ogasawara clan (¬Š}Œ´Ž) and the Nambu clan (“ì•”Ž).  He is said to have died here in Mii-dera Temple (ŽOˆäŽ›).
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(Friday 20 March) Gateway to the Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) On the way to the Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Stone inscription for the Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The burial mound of Saburo Yoshimitsu Shinra in the precincts of Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple, Otsu City
  
     
Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple
     Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple (“‚“yŽR –@–¾‰@) is located at 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City (‘å’ÃŽs‰€éŽ›’¬246).  It was founded by Shokei Gitan («Œc‹`) in the 8th year of Kyoho (‹•Û8”N) or AD 1723.  It belongs to the Tendai-shu sect (“V‘ä@) of Buddhism.  It is famous for the grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1853-1908), an American scholar of Oriental Arts and philosopher who loved Japanese arts and enthusiastically introduced them to the Western World.  Although he died in 1908 in London, he was buried here in Homyo-in Temple at his will.  He converted to Buddhism at Onjo-ji Temple (‰€éŽ›/ŽOˆäŽ›) next to this temple in 1896.
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(Friday 20 March) Signpost reading "Homyo-in," Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) San-mon Gate (ŽR–å), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) San-mon Gate (ŽR–å), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Buildings of Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) "Hon-do" (–{“°; the main hall), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Gate to the graveyard of Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Monument of "Kirari" (w‚«‚ç‚èx) or the story of Masayoshi Takemura (•‘º ³‹`, 1934-) who was born in Higashi-Omi City (“Œ‹ß]Žs), Shiga, is a politician of Democratic Party of Japan (–¯Žå“}), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) A view of Lake Biwa (”ú”iŒÎ), etc., Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The garden of Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The route sign for the graves of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa, William Sturgis Bigelow and James H. Woods, Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Buddhist stone monuments by the route to the graveyard of Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) In the graveyard of Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Stone inscription of the contributors' list for reconstruction of the stone fence (Î‰¤Š_) of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa's grave, dated 1927 (º˜a2”N), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.
  Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (February 18, 1853 - September 21, 1908) was an American professor of philosophy and political economy at Tokyo Imperial University.  An important educator during the modernization of the Meiji Era, Fenollosa was an enthusiastic Orientalist who did much to preserve traditional Japanese art.
  Fenollosa converted to Buddhism at Nagara-san Onjo-ji Temple (’·“™ŽR ‰€éŽ›; or Mii-dera Temple [ŽOˆäŽ›]) and changed his name to Tei-Shin (’úM), also adopting the name Kano Yeitan Masanobu, suggesting that he had been admitted into the ancient Japanese art academy of the Kano (Žë–ì”h).  While resident in Japan, Fenollosa's accomplishments included the first inventory of Japan's national treasures, leading to the discovery of ancient Chinese scrolls brought to Japan by traveling Zen monks centuries earlier.  For these accomplishments, the Emperor Meiji (–¾Ž¡“Vc) decorated him with the orders of the Rising Sun and the Sacred Mirror (ˆ®“úŒMÍ).
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (1953-1908), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Graves of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926) and James Haughton Woods (November 27, 1864 - January 14, 1935), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City.
  William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926) was a doctor and great American collector of Japanese art.  He was one of the first Americans to live in Japan, and to introduce the American public to Japanese art and culture.  He was also among those who worked to establish protections for Japanese art during a time when the Japanese were willing to sell or destroy elements of their own traditional culture in a fervor of Westernization and modernization.
  James Haughton Woods (November 27, 1864 - January 14, 1935) was born in Boston and studied Greek philosophy at Harvard University while he also studied Indian philosophical studies, translating some yoga sutras into English.  He came to Japan in 1934 (º˜a9”N) to teach Indian philosophy and to study yoga sutras.  He also converted to Buddhism at Homyo-in Temple.  So he rests in peace next to Bigelow and Fenollosa.
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(Friday 20 March) Graves of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926) and James Haughton Woods (November 27, 1864 - January 14, 1935), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Transcript of the inscription of the grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inscription of the grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Grave of James Haughton Woods (November 27, 1864 - January 14, 1935), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) Inscription of the grave of James Haughton Woods (November 27, 1864 - January 14, 1935), Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City
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(Friday 20 March) The three graves of Ernest Francisco Fenollosa, William Sturgis Bigelow and James H. Woods, Morokoshi-san Homyo-in Temple, 246 Onjoji-cho, Otsu City



        


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